March 17, 2014

MPSC : Information Technology (PART 1 )

Fibre Optics (fiber prakasasastra) - 
Optical fiber is ultra-pure glass fiber. The fiber diameter is very small. Judagyaca a diameter of less milimitarapeksahi 1000 that Fibres. Normally carry a message to the variation in the electrical impalsesa is borne out by the strings of copper, the conversion of messages that carry them in glass or plastic Fibres from prakasalaharim that is called when prakasasastra fiber technology. Optical Fibres carrying the light from the reflection of the principles are the basis. This is a major advantage of fiber-fiber optikalsaca than traditional messaging system diagram of the Casa thousands of fiber in a cable basavata information can be stored and can be several times. It can not be any disruption to the electro-magnetic. 
Practical use - 1) telecom sector - the largest telecom fiber optikalsamule has evolved. Telephone, television, Internet, etc.. Use in this. 
Vaidyakasastrata - fiber optikalsamule the inner portion of the body is possible to take a photo. Therefore, the treatment is possible to diagnose.Endoskopa the optical fiber is a modern kimaya. 
Laser technology - on May 16, 1960, the first American scientist thiodora Laser Rods Harold memana was built in 1961 and its first use. Laser and Light Amplification by stimulated Emission of Radiation. This tool is one which the frequency of the Laser and intense light and tarangalambi the shaft in one direction causes progressive. Disrupt the normal form of the light and energy can not be together, but this Laser light is collected and Viv í next rhasa the energy is not. 
Usage - 
1) vaidyakasastrata - deep of the body to destroy the bales, hrdayasambandhi some complex surgery, to reduce the number of glasses. 
2) Protection - sastrastram use in, eg., Foes tank to look for, etc., to measure the distance. 
3) pintringa - Laser Laser use in computer ipatrarsa. 
4) bar code - vastunvarila their worth to read a bar code Laser skenarsaca use. 
5) Construction sector - in the construction sector, cutting, or not aligned Train rula to find. 
Media Lab Asia - and spread to the common people, information, technology, people, enhance the benefits of this technology for the purposes of this project, the Government of India established. For this project Mumbai, Chennai, Kanpur, Delhi and khadagapura or ayaayatice co-operation has been conducted. New technologies should benefit janasamanyanna National Laboratory for the project through various projects have been an event. The project: 1) Health, 2) education, 3) Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, 4) upajivikeci creation in rural areas, 5) Transport available in rural areas is to try to focus on these regions. 
Cyber ​​Crime - 
1) hacking - These sayantraneci or computer and website security bhedali is stolen or changed information on them, as well as the computer system is in failure. It is said that hackers criminals who act in this way. 
2) Phishing - These attractive variety of types of mail sent. Replying to mail or sometimes accidentally or halagarjipanamule bank account number, password confidential information such as fraud are getting. 
3) Skimming - These credit card, debit card or ATM card that is in mayakrocipa (magnetic strip) í come in furtively information are tired of Crime. 
4) Cyber ​​Stalking - These provide information someone is harassed by threats, by sending the mail. 
Social Networking - Social networking internet community is given a wonderful gift to. JJ on earth can be the subject cacrela outright or on the Internet through social networking is to talk. Social networking web sites to any person through many of the Global Banker can become real. This concerns, the exchange of information. And around the world where you can contact. Currently, Orkut, Facebook, Twitter or social networking sites are the most popular. 
1) Facebook - beginning 4 February 2004, the founder - Mark jhukarabarga, 
Headquarters - New kelipho í (U.S.) 
2) linkedina - 5 May 2003, the start of the founder - Reed Hoffmann, 
Headquarters - New kelipho í (U.S.) 
3) Twitter - beginning July 15, 2006, the founding - Jacques dorasi, Noah Glass, ivhona William, Biz Stone, headquarters - San Francisco (United States) 
4) version - 24 January 2004, the start of the founder, - version buyukokatena, headquarters - keliphorniya (U.S.). 

UPSC: Basic Rights (Part 2) 
Article 16 - Article 16 is clear that in the state of public services plan, or any place appointed to be taken to ensure equal opportunities for all citizens. But religion, ethnicity, race, gender, birth, place of birth, lived in this state for the purposes of any civil or yampaki any job application you will not be eligible if padala or therein will not be any discrimination. 
Article 17 - the section that provision has been made, the untouchability has been destroyed and was not allowed any kind of untouchability palan.Keeping the offense shall be punished where untouchability. The provision of the Constitution of India to establish social equality is considered very important and necessary. 
Article 18 - This has been clear that, if the state of the military scholastic पदव्यांव्यतिरिक्त not be able to receive any degree, as well as any citizen of India pararastrankaduna any degree (the book) will not be accepted. Of this section has been further clarified that, any person who is not a citizen of India or the State of visvasta a return to the post of President of the sammatisivaya if it can not be accepted by any foreign desakaduna any degree. Also, the advantage of the state or of any person to the post of President of the visvasta foreign countries sammatisivaya any reward, remuneration or terms will not be accepted. 
18 th kalamanusara Indian rajyaghatanene titles to the practice was real, but the Government of India 'paramacakra', 'mahaviracakra', 'honored with Vir', 'asokacakra', 'sauryacakra', 'kirticakra' such military titles and 'Bharat Ratna', 'Vibhushan', ' Padma 'started as titles from 1954 to practice.Rajavatita the titles of the government to the public for some time been the practice, but again this has been the practice. 
The right to freedom (Article 19 to 22) 
Article 19 - the constitution written at that time rajyaghatanetila was given seven freedoms. Edit this means it is hakkaradda. Rajyaghataneta is currently on six freedoms. In the event that the original claim 7 freedom. 44 th ghatanadurusti law (1978) give wealth, hold and sell hakkavagalanyata of freedom was. 
The next section is particularly important freedoms is six. 
1) Freedom of speech and matapradarsanace 
2) santatapurvaka, sastrasivaya bharavinyace freedom of assembly 
3) freedom of association established institutions and 
4) freedom of communication freely throughout the country's regions 
5) regions of the country or lived anywhere to freedom of belonging to a 
6) any business, employment, freedom of trade or business 
Citizen the right to freedom of which six are given in section 19, for the protection of their section 20, section 21, section 22 has been provided in the. 
Article 20 - this section has been clear that the 
* A person she is committed, at the time, out of the kayadyaviruddha have a case as decided was if the payment will be and the offense occurring at the time of executing the law in school I did not have more that more will not be. * Any person on the same gunhayabaddala than once in case will be Education or not. gunhayabaddala a random person charges ladalelya own will not be forced to be a witness against. 
Article 21 - Any individual (living) paddhatikherija the other way deprived of the freedom by law shall not be levied. The phraseology of this section of the Constitution of the system is given by Parliament by law to be added to the law limiting a living and personal rights. The Court will determine that the Parliament Act vaidhavaidhata is not a Supreme Court. Of. Gopalan v State of Madras clear when the case is decided. The Executive Board can control the court under this section, the Board of laws on. Courts have accepted a restriction on the apanahuna. 
Section 21 (A) - 86 th of 2002 the basic right to freedom of claim 6 घटनादुरुस्तीनुसार free and compulsory primary education for children in the age group of 14 vasre States to try to make that the right to education has been included in the new basic Claim. 
Similarly, a 86 th ghatanadurustine offers a new section 51 includes the basic duty, according to the father or guardian, or can be synchronized with your children, the fourteenth years of education at the age of six years from the opportunities offered to everyone in the office is. 
Article 22 - this section has been clear that the (1) If a person arrested as soon as possible if a person causes of fire will not be put kalavalyasivaya arrested. Also, to the person or his counsel to defend the rights of the preferred vakilaca can not be denied.

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